What is ProRes RAW?
Apple ProRes RAW combines the well-known visual and workflow benefits of RAW video with the incredible real-time performance of ProRes, allowing you to record stunning ProRes RAW video in resolutions up to 8K. It combines quality and speed, allowing you to import, edit, and grade pristine RAW data straight from your camera sensor without slowing down your edit. The power of ProRes and the flexibility of RAW allows you to work at increased resolutions, increased frame rates, and, increased bit-depths — all whilst maintaining a small file size.
Understanding ProRes RAW
While cameras have evolved in their sensor size, their internal recording capabilities are often limited. ProRes RAW provides enhanced recording times and shortened data transfer times by allowing users to increased resolution, frame rate, and bit-depth without increasing file size. It also unlocks enriched and enhanced metadata for exposure, white balance, ISO, shutter speed/angle, and lens information such as iris and focal length.
File sizes for ProRes RAW are available at two compression levels: Apple ProRes RAW and Apple ProRes RAW HQ. Both provide excellent results, with additional quality available at the higher data rate of Apple ProRes RAW HQ. Artefacts are unlikely with Apple ProRes RAW and extremely unlikely with Apple ProRes RAW HQ.
The ProRes RAW advantage
An established element in many professional production pipelines, ProRes RAW has been adopted now by over 30 different cameras from leading Japanese manufacturers, with more on the way. Here’s a quick summary of its benefits:
- Increased bit depth – 12-bit without the overhead of ProRes 4444 XQ plus the ability to export ProRes 444 and other codecs from the ProRes RAW file
- Maintain original pristine sensor data, ensuring the key elements are captured: High Dynamic Range, Wide Color Gamut, Bit Depth, and Resolution — including large resolutions or high frame rates
- Bypass in-camera compression and limitations on resolution, frame rate, and depth
- Recording up to 4K120p and 2K240p
- Provides greater latitude for post-production and grading due to increased amount of per-pixel information
- Enhanced codec efficiency – variable bit rate adjusts based on image complexity
- Reduced file sizes and increased stream count for editing vs CDNG and 4444 Video-based codecs.
- Reduced transcoding – only make convert to RGB color spaces on export
- Superior performance in both playback and rendering
Shooting in ProRes RAW
Shooting in ProRes RAW provides multiple benefits for productions. The increased amount of data and latitude that it enables provides increased flexibility when it comes to the post production, The internal processing of camera systems is being bypassed, so with accurate monitoring you can be confident that what you are seeing on location is what you will get.
The ProRes RAW ecosystem
Apple ProRes RAW is firmly established as the standard for RAW workflows, with over 30 HDMI and SDI cameras from major manufacturers such as Sony, Canon, Panasonic, Nikon, Z-Cam, Olympus, Fujifilm, and Sigma already announced or shipping. The variety of cameras on offer means that there is a ProRes RAW camera to suit all applications, whether it’s the incredibly popular and versatile Sony Alpha 7S III, the well-priced Sigma fp, or the production workhorses in Sony’s FS series, Canon’s C300/C500 and Panasonic’s EVA1 models. The range is already strong and more cameras being announced every month.
in ProRes RAW
ProRes RAW provides significant advantages when shooting in LED volumes. The margins between a successful shoot where the illusion is maintained and one where the indoor nature is obvious are fine. RAW provides both the increased confidence that what is monitored on set, typically in HDR, is what will enter post, as well as the increased latitude to fix any remaining issues.
As with location shooting, it also enables productions to mix and match different cameras, ensuring a consistency of image
Editing ProRes RAW
Apple ProRes RAW is designed for speed. Despite the additional computational demands of RAW video editing, it brings the same first-rate performance and ease of editing that ProRes brought to conventional video to RAW video. Apple ProRes RAW is also extremely flexible when it comes to editing choices and is supported in Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere Pro, Avid, and Assimilate Scratch, with more manufacturers looking to add capability soon.
Captured in ProRes RAW
Explore some of the recent footage captured using Atomos devices recording ProRes RAW. No matter whether you’re using a mirrorless DSLR or the latest professional video cameras, ProRes RAW allows you to push creative boundaries and increase the efficiency of your workflow. Check out some recent videos below.
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ProRes RAW + Atomos
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Now is the perfect time to expand your RAW workflow. Atomos devices record ProRes RAW from over 30 popular cameras, from entry level mirrorless through to professional cinema cameras. Atomos Authorized Resellers are currently offering some great deals on RAW-ready Kits including LUMIX S1H, Sony FX3 and Sony Alpha 1 in various combinations with Ninja V or Ninja V+. Watch this space for new deals over upcoming weeks. Search available kits below.
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